Bhopal: Madhya Pradesh has been ranked ninth in the list of top-10 states in India with highest death rate attributable to air pollution in people younger than 70 years. A study says that 50% of the deaths in the state in this category is linked to air pollution.
The study, called the India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative, was published in The Lancet Planetary Health journal and released on December 6.
It was conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI), and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), in collaboration with the ministry of health and family welfare.
The study also found air pollution contributes to more diseases in India than non-communicable diseases caused by tobacco use.
The polluted air also causes lower respiratory infections and lung cancer, says the study. It recommends the government put air pollution in the National Non Communicable Diseases programme.
Worst performing states in India
Name of Death rate attributable to air pollution the state for people under-70 (In %)
1 Jharkhand 59.2%
2 Chattisgarh 57.8%
3 Bihar 57%
4 Odisha 54.9%
9 MP 50%
The menace of air pollution
•The annual population-weighted mean exposure to ambient particulate matter PM2.5 in India was 89.9 µg/m3 in 2017.
•Around 76.8% of the India’s population has found to be exposed to annual population-weighted mean PM2.5 greater than 40 µg/m3.
•PM2.5 greater than 40 µg/m3 is the limit recommended by National Ambient Air Quality Standards in India.
•Delhi had the highest annual population-weighted mean of PM2.5 in 2017.
(Story by Antriksh Kar Singh)