Bhopal: If you needed any proof that the BEs and the B.Techs being churned out in their thousands by engineering colleges that have mushroomed all over the state are in dire straits, here it.
Only 39 per cent of the students who passed out from the engineering colleges in Madhya Pradesh from 2012-15 have been able to land jobs and less than 10 per cent of them are drawing a decent salary (Rs 25,000 per month or above) .
Moreover, of the engineers who could get employment, nearly half are in non-technical jobs and around one-fourth had to do other courses before they could become employable.
Government think tank
These and many other grim facts vis-a-vis engineering and technical education in the state have emerged from a study titled ‘Availability of job opportunities for students acquiring technical education’, conducted by the Atal Behari Institute of Good Governance and Policy Analysis (ABIGGPA) – a state government think tank – here.
The study was conducted by a team led by Richa Mishra, adviser, Centre for Social Sector Development of the Institute.
80% engineers ‘unemployable’
According to the National Employability Report 2015, over 80 per cent of the engineering graduates in India are ‘unemployable’. The country produces six lakh engineers every year, of which 4.80 lakh remain unemployed.
In the period 2007-12, the rate of growth of students was the highest in the engineering and technology sector. The number of students opting for engineering courses grew at a staggering 24.7 per cent in these five years. And in the period 2008-09, the number of technical educational institutions jumped by an unprecedented 43 per cent.
But the tide has turned. Only 45,000 students took admissions in engineering colleges in 2017, against 70,000 seats and many engineering colleges closed shop. The figure is likely to dip further this year.
Clearly, the students’ honeymoon with engineering courses is over. And the study shows why.
The study was conducted using random sampling method and a structured questionnaire was employed for recording responses. Engineering graduates from 188 engineering colleges affiliated to the Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya (RGPV) between 2012 and 2015 were covered under the study.
The study showed that 45 per cent of the students had opted for engineering because they believed that they would be able to get employment while another 45 per cent did so because they had ‘interest’ in the subject.
‘Lack of technical knowledge’
They cited ‘lack of technical knowledge’ as the biggest impediment in getting jobs and blamed lack for opportunities for developing needed skills (30 per cent), lack of practical component in syllabus and lack of qualified teaching staff.
Of the 188 colleges studies, campus placements were done in only 68. And the number of placements made a dismal reading. There was one only placement from 39 colleges, two from 13 colleges and six from two colleges. The highest number of placements (11) was from the Vaishnav Institute of Technology and Science, Indore.
What are engineering graduates doing (in %)
The types of jobs engineers are doing (in%)
Annual salaries (in Rs)
Why they could not get a job (in %)