[dropcap]N[/dropcap]atural disasters like earthquakes, floods, tsunami have caused a lot of damage to lives and property in India and the rest of the world. Even after tremendous growth in the field of technology, these natural disasters can’t always be predicted.
India has witnessed some of the worst natural disasters, among which most frequent were floods. People, especially in north India lived under the threat of flood devastation, which on an annual basis hits thousands of human lives apart from livestock and assets worth billions.
We list down the 5 most dangerous floods that ripped apart the country:
1. Bihar flood, 1987
In one of the worst floods in Bihar, 1,399 people and 5,302 animals lost their lives and nearly 29 million people were affected in 30 districts, 382 blocks, 6,112 panchayats, and 24,518 villages. The damage to crops were calculated to be Rs 68 billion and damage to public property was at Rs 68 million.
2. Maharashtra Flood, 2005
Out country witnessed a deadly flood in the year 2005 in Maharashtra. The Maharashtra flood was one of the most deadly floods in the region. At least 5,000 people died in this flood. Mumbai was the worst hit area and the metro city came to a standstill. People were stuck in offices, houses, for several days due to this flood caused by incandescent rain.
The flood either spoiled or damaged 52 local trains, 37,000 autos, 4,000 taxis, 900 BEST buses and 10,000 trucks. The financial cost of this flood was estimated to be around Rs 550 crore. The Bollywood film Tum Mile starring Soha Ali Khan and Emraan Hashmi was based on the Maharashtra flood.
3. Assam Floods, 2012
Assam once again faced the wrath of Brahmaputra with excessive monsoon rains in 2012. The unprecedented flood claimed 124 human lives. The worst hit area was Kaziranga National Park where 13 great Indian rhinos and around 500 animals died.
4. Uttarakhand Floods 2013
The 9 districts of Uttarakhand received heavy rainfall, leading to massive landslides, flash-floods in the whole state. The Kedarnath temple — one of the famous temples of Lord Shiva in India and part of the Char Dham yatra — was damaged and around 1000 people died. It is one of the most disastrous floods in the history of India. The floods affected areas including Gobindghat, Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and western Nepal.
5. Kashmir Floods, 2014
Continuous torrential rainfall led to flashfloods in Kashmir in September 2014. As per reports, nearly 2,600 villages were affected in Jammu and Kashmir. In Kashmir, as many as 390 villages were completely submerged in water. Nearly, 500 people were killed in the floods and areas including Srinagar, Bandipur, Rajouri among others were affected.
(Story by Rupal Verma)