Decoded: What is the Yo-Yo Test all about

New Delhi: Ambati Rayudu has been left out of India’s squad for the England tour, despite a stunning IPL campaign. The batsman could not pass the Yo-Yo test, which is a parameter of judging a player’s fitness and endurance levels and was hence left out.

In the past, Sanju Samson, Mohammed Shami and even Suresh Raina have failed in the dreaded fitness test.

What is the Yo-Yo Test?

A Yo-Yo test requires a player to run between two cones kept 20 meters apart on the ground. The shuttle run starts on a beep and the player needs to reach the other cone before the second beep. He then has to return back to the first cone, thus completing one ‘shuttle’. The total distance covered by an athlete is 40 metres hence.

The test is divided into various speed levels. A player normally starts at speed level 5 which consist of one shuttle. The next, level 9, also comprises one shuttle. Then comes level 11 consisting of two shuttles. In this way the speed levels keep on progressing until the last one, level 23, however, no one has ever reached that level.

A player is given ten seconds to recover between sprints and is given a warning if he fails to reach the cone before the beep. Ideally, three warnings mark the end of the test.

Who invented the test?

The yo-yo test has derived from the Leger Test, created by Luc Leger from University of Montreal. This fitness test was implemented for the Indian team in 2016 after Anil Kumble presided as the head coach.

The qualification cut-off for team India is set at 16:1, meaning a player has to finish the first shuttle of speed level 16 to clear the yo-yo test. Pakistan though has set their level at 17:4 and New Zealand has the highest level at 20:1.

The purpose of yo-yo test:

The yo-yo test is used to improve and test players’ fitness levels. It helps to make athletes fitter, thereby reducing the chances of injuries.

Players who have failed in this test:

Renowned Indian players like Mohammed Shami, Yuvraj Singh and Suresh Raina have previously failed in this test. Recently, Washington Sundar, Sanju Samson and Ambati Rayudu failed to pass the yo-yo test as well.