DB Original/ 10 actions of the government in Jammu and Kashmir; reduction in terror incidents, action against separatists

  • According to experts, Modi made 18 visits to Kashmir in his first term and showed that the state was on the top of his agenda
  • There were more than 900 terrorist incidents every year in Kashmir from 2004 to 2014. But more than 300 incidents occurred annually in the last 5 years. Thus the terror incidents declined by nearly 65%.
  • Stoning pelting incidents in the valley declined following firm action on Hurriyat leaders.

New Delhi: Three days ago, when the turmoil in Jammu and Kashmir increased, there were speculations that the Modi government could remove Article 35-A, which gave privileges to the people of the state. But the Center went even further and neutralized Article 370, which gave special status to Kashmir. With this, Jammu and Kashmir was divided into two parts and made into two union territories. The BJP government, after coming to power for the second time, decided on Kashmir in the first session of the 17th Lok Sabha.

1) Modi made 18 visits to Kashmir in the first term

On the day of taking the oath of Prime Minister in May 2014, Modi had discussed the issue of Kashmir in Rashtrapati Bhavan with Rajnath Singh, who became the Home Minister. After this, Modi visited Kashmir in July 2014. In 2014, he made 9 visits to the state. In the first term, Modi visited Jammu and Kashmir 18 times and made it clear that Kashmir is on the top of his agenda. The purpose of his visits was to connect directly with the people of Kashmir.

2) Shyama Prasad Mukherjee’s policy adopted

Former Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council member and BJP leader Vibodh Gupta says that the Kashmir policy of the Modi government was the same as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee’s. Mukherjee used to say that two legislations, two marks are not good for the country. Kashmir has now become truly independent with Article 370 being neutralized. Now the next goal of the Modi government is to create a new Jammu and Kashmir. Such Kashmir where there is development, tourism, private sector, good hospitals. Until now it was not all possible due to Articles 370 and 35A, but now it will be all.

Constitutional expert Rakesh Dwivedi says that the withdrawal of Article 370 was long-awaited. This is a historic step. Now there was no need for this article. History shows that Kashmir never closed the doors to Islam. Buddhism and Islam also came through Kashmir. So now the doors of Kashmir should not be kept closed for the sake of jobs and development.

3) Army got free hand

In its first term, the Modi government gave a free hand to the army. Operation Allout was launched to reduce terrorism in the Valley, under which open action was taken against the terrorists. In the last five years, 838 terrorists have been killed in action by security forces in the valley. Many of them were most wanted and kingpin of terrorist groups. According to the Home Ministry, in the two years between 2016 and 2018, the army arrested 97 terrorists in the siege and search operations. Along with this, in these two years, the army also found 29 places where terrorists hide.

4) Terrorist incidents decreased 

After the rise of terrorism and extremism in Jammu and Kashmir in 1990, there have been 70,673 terrorist incidents till 2018. 22,400 terrorists have been killed in these incidents. During this time, more than 13 thousand civilians were killed, while more than 5 thousand soldiers were martyred. From 2004 to 2014 there were 9,739 terrorist incidents. There were more than 900 terrorist incidents every year in Kashmir from 2004 to 2014. But more than 300 incidents occurred annually in the last 5 years. Thus the terror incidents declined by nearly 65%.

5) Surgical and Air Strike

After the Uri attack, on 29 September 2016, the Indian Army went 3 km inside PoK and attacked the terrorists’ bases. This was the first time that India had taken action against terrorists by entering into Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. 40 to 50 terrorists were killed in this attack. After this, after the suicide attack on the CRPF convoy in Pulwama in February 2019, the Air Force barged into Baloch, Chakoti and Muzaffarabad, entering the PoK on the night of 26-27 February. About 300 terrorists were killed in this attack.

6) No talks against separatists, took action against Hurriyat leaders

From the beginning, the Modi government has been against talking to separatists and Hurriyat leaders on the Kashmir issue. While presenting the resolution to neutralize Article 370 in the Lok Sabha, Home Minister Amit Shah reiterated that we will not talk to those who seek inspiration from Pakistan. Vibodh, a former member of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council, says that the NIA acted against the Hurriyat and the separatists. Their houses were raided. Details of their property were sought. Stringent action was also taken against organizations such as JKLF and Jamaat-e-Islami which promoted terror. As a result, the incidents of stone-pelting in the valley were reduced. Because these people used to provoke the youth to pelt stone.

7) There was a dispute, but gave a strong message to stone-pelters

After the death of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani in 2016, large numbers of youth in the state turned to extremism. Along with this, incidents of stone-pelting in the state also increased. Whenever the army went to take action against the terrorists in Kashmir, only the local people used to protest and stone them, helping the terrorists to escape. In April 2017, the stone pelters stopped an army jeep. At that time, the army tied Farooq Ahmed Dar, who was instigating the youth for stone-pelting, to his jeep and left. This move of the army was seen as an open hand given to Army. However, separatists and human rights organisations objected to this.

8) Formed government with PDP

In 2014, the BJP surprised everyone by forming a government with a completely opposite-minded PDP. Mufti Mohammad Sayeed became the Chief Minister. When Mehbooba Mufti became CM after his death, the BJP did not give her a free hand in the valley and the government collapsed as soon as an atmosphere in BJP’s favour developed. In this, General Secretary Ram Madhav, who came to the BJP from the Sangh, had a big role. The BJP was preparing to bring a bill related to Article 370 in February itself, but it was deferred due to the Pulwama attack.

9) Started work on Article 370 as soon as the government was formed

In 2019, when the BJP got a bigger majority than 2014, then Home Minister Amit Shah started work on the plan to remove Article 370. The government wanted to decide on Article 370 before the elections in the state. Work on its political and legal plan started from June itself.

10) Country expected a decision on 35-A, government neutralized 370

Amit Shah reached Jammu and Kashmir on a two-day tour on 26 June. Here he met the Governor and took stock of security. On July 24, about a month after Shah’s visit, National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval went to Srinagar on a secret mission. As soon as he returned, the government deployed 10 thousand additional personnel. Issued an advisory to Amarnath pilgrims, travelers and tourists to return from the valley at the earliest. This was the first time in 30 years that such advisory was issued by the Central Government. The country felt that Article 35-A, which gave privileges to the people of the state, would be removed, but the Modi government nullified Article 370 giving special status to Kashmir. With this, the Reorganization Bill was passed in 24 hours and made Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh separate union territories.