Chandrayaan2 / First time a spacecraft will land on lunar South Pole, India’s success will make it easier for humans to stay on Moon

Chandrayaan2 will be launched from the launch pad at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh at 2.51 am IST on July 15

It will land on Moon on September 6 or 7

With the successful landing of Chandrayaan2, India will become the world’s fourth country to land on Moon’s surface

New Delhi: Chandrayaan-2, India’s second lunar mission, will be the first such vehicle in the world that will land on the southern pole of the Moon. Earlier, China’s Chang’i-4 had landed a little distance from the South Pole. So far this region of the Moon remains unknown to scientists.

According to the information, there are more chances of finding water in the form of ice in this region, which remains mostly in shadow compared to the rest of the moon. If Chandrayaan-2 is able to find ice in this part of the moon, it will be easier for humans to stay here. Base camps will be built here. Besides research on the moon, the path of new discoveries will open in space.

South pole could be an ideal location for finding water and solar power: If humanity ever colonizes the moon, we’ll need the help of local resources, like water and solar power. The lunar poles, which contain regions of constant sunlight, as well as constant darkness, could be ideal locations for finding both.

Soft landing on Moon’s surface likely on September 6 or 7:Chandrayaan 2 will go to Moon’s south polar region where no country has ever gone before. It is India’s first rover-based space mission. The soft landing on Moon’s surface is likely to be on September 6 or September 7.

Big craters on the lunar south pole, Sun’s rays don’t reach here: The lunar south pole is very different from its other parts. The rays of the sun fall oblique on the southern pole, not straight. Due to this, the temperature is low here.

Lunar south pole an ideal spot for future landing missions: The lunar south pole is of special interest to scientists because of the occurrence of water ice in permanently shadowed areas around it. Of the lunar poles, the south pole is of greater interest because the area that remains in shadow is much larger than that at the north pole. The lunar south pole craters are unique in that sunlight does not reach the bottom. Such craters are cold traps that contain a fossil record of the early Solar System.

GSLV Mk III, carrying Chandrayaan 2, undergoing launch checks: Meanwhile ahead of the launch of the much-awaited Chandrayaan 2, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Thursday said that India’s heavy-lift rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III), carrying Chandrayaan 2, was undergoing launch checks for their historic flight to the Moon on July 15.

Taking to Twitter, ISRO said that the Chandrayaan 2 will be launched from the launch pad at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh at 2.51 am (IST) on July 15. “#GSLVMkIII carrying #Chandrayaan2 spacecraft, undergoing launch checks at launch pad in Sriharikota. Launch is scheduled at 2:51AM IST on July 15,” tweeted ISRO.

One of the most complex missions attempted to date, Chandrayaan 2 weighs 3.8-tonne and consists of an orbiter with eight scientific experiments, a lander with three experiments, a rover with two experiments and an experiment from the US space agency NASA.