New Delhi: Canada is all set to legalise marijuana on October 17.
At least 109 legal pot shops are expected to open across the nation of 37 million people next Wednesday, with many more to come, according to an Associated Press survey of the provinces. For now, they’ll offer dried flower, capsules, tinctures and seeds, with sales of marijuana-infused foods and concentrates expected to begin next year.
Following the implementation of the practice – promised by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau – it is expected that the black market dealing in the psychoactive drug will be brought into a regulated, taxed system after nearly a century of prohibition
This move stands in contrast with United States – where the federal government outlaws marijuana while most states allow medical or recreational use for people 21 and older. Canada’s national approach has allowed for unfettered industry banking, inter-province shipments of cannabis, online ordering, postal delivery and billions of dollars in investment; national prohibition in the US has stifled greater industry expansion there.
Legality of Marijuana across globe
- Canada (effective 17 October 2018) and Uruguay are the only countries that have fully legalised the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide.
- The use of cannabis for recreational purposes is prohibited in most countries; however, many have adopted a policy of decriminalisation to make simple possession a non-criminal offence (often similar to a minor traffic violation).
- Others have much more severe penalties such as some Asian and Middle Eastern countries where possession of even small amounts is punished by imprisonment for several years.
- Countries that have legalized the medical use of cannabis include Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom. Others have more restrictive laws that only allow the use of certain cannabinoid drugs, such as Sativex or Marinol.
- In the United States, 31 states and the District of Columbia have legalized the medical use of cannabis, but at the federal level, its use remains prohibited for any purpose.
- In the United States, nine states and the District of Columbia have legalized sales and consumption although it remains federally illegal. Court rulings in Georgia and South Africa have led to the legalisation of personal cultivation and consumption of cannabis, but not legal sales.
- A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular, Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments.