New Delhi: Indian Space agency ISRO has lined up 19 missions in the next couple of months — which includes the launch of India’s lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2.
India’s second lunar comes a decade after it had launched ‘Chandrayaan-1’ in November 2008. The ‘Chandrayaan-2’ will orbit around the moon and collect data on Moon’s mineralogy, topography and exosphere.
ISRO chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan, who broke the news on Tuesday, said that Chandrayaan-2 will be using the GSLV Mk III, ISRO’s latest and heaviest launch vehicle with an indigenous cryogenic upper stage – marking the vehicle’s third flight.
“Our next mission is on September 16, and the PSLV-C42 is going to launch NovaSAR-S and SSTL S1-4. This mission is a totally commercial mission. And in October we have 2 missions, the HySIS mission launched by PSLV-C43, and in the same month, we are going to have GSAT-29, launched by the GLSV Mark III on its second flight,” said Sivan while revealing ISRO’s complete schedule till March 2019.
“In November, we have 2 missions, that is, the GSLV Mark II F11 launching GSAT-7A, and GSAT-11 on November 30 (launched by Arianespace). In December, PSLV-C44 will launch EMISAT, and we will launch GSAT-31 (by Arianespace), this is the replacement satellite for INSAT-4CR.Then, in the beginning of January, we are going to have the major mission Chandrayaan-2, that is by GSLV Mk III, and we have RISAT-2B. And in February we have one satellite, and March we have one. In total we have 19 missions. This will be the highest density of missions we have ever had, ” he added.
50 satellites in 3 years
Apart from these 19 missions, ISRO chief also announced that the launch a total of 50 satellites in the upcoming three years is also scheduled. In October 2018, ISRO is set to launch GSAT29 for the Digital India programme and hyper spectrum imaging satellites along with 30 commercial satellites, as per reports.
India’s manned space mission
Apart from these 19 missions, updates about India’s much anticipated manned mission to space — Gaganyaan– also surfaced on Tuesday. Union Minister Jitendra Singh, in his brief, revealed that ISRO is on the verge of launching India’s first manned mission.
“Our weather forecast is now 100% accurate because now we are combining Radar and Satellite information,” Singh said.
During the Independence Day 2018 speech, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had also announced that India will send an astronaut to space in 2022 — when the nation celebrates 75th year of Independence.
Here are the major developments about Gaganyaan:
- While briefing about Gaganyaan, Singh said that the mission will aim to send a three-person crew to space for a period of seven days. He added that two men and one woman would be the part of the crew members.
- He also said that the programme is expected to be completed before 2022, with the first unmanned flight within 30 months.
- Elaborating on the cost behind the mission, Singh claimed that it is expected to cost less than Rs 10,000 crore.
- ISRO chief, while outlining the benefits of the mission, said that Gaganyaan will enhance the science and technology level of the country and would also inspire youth to take challenge in the field.
- The project will also provide employment to 15,000 people – out of them 861 will be from ISRO, 1,366 from national agencies and 11,050 from industries.
- ISRO reportedly conducted ‘pad abort’ test for the Gaganyaan in July, which turned out to be successful. Pad abort’ test or Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure that helps pull the crew away from the launch vehicle when a mission has to be aborted.