New Delhi: People in Japan are observing 73 years since American forces carried out their second atomic bomb attack on the country during World War Two. A memorial service was held in the city of Nagasaki where the bomb was dropped, just three days after the first one leveled Hiroshima. For the first time a United Nations Secretary-General took part in the Nagasaki ceremony. The city’s Peace Park fell silent at 11:02 AM — the exact moment the bomb exploded in 1945.
The United States used nuclear bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th and 9th of August, 1945, respectively. It was the first use of nuclear weapons in wartime and till date remains the only one. The two bombings killed at least 1,29,000 people, most of whom were civilians.
Here are 5 interesting facts about Nagasaki bombing:
Duck and Cover saved Nagasaki policeman
All thanks to the efforts of a brave policeman who survived the Hiroshima bombing, no policeman died in Nagasaki’s atomic blast. The policeman who survived Hiroshima episode went to Nagasaki to teach the police about the duck and cover technique that saved them from the attack.
Nagasaki was not the target for the second bombing
After first bombing on Hiroshima, the second bombing was scheduled for August 11 against Kokura, it was brought forward by two days due to forecast of bad weather. Due to clouds, and smoke resulting from a firebombing nearby, the aiming point in Kokura was obscured. After three runs over the city and with fuel running low, it was decided to bomb the secondary target Nagasaki. There were clouds in Nagasaki too but a last minute break in the clouds allowed the captain to sight the target and drop the ‘Fat Man’ weapon.
Fat Man was supposed to be more fatal
Fat man (Bomb name) that was dropped on Nagasaki was more powerful it led to 60,000-80,000 deaths as compared to 90,000-166,000 caused by little boy dropped on Hiroshima. The reason was Fat man missed its intended targeted location in Nagasaki by 3 km as a result of bad weather. The bombing was therefore confined to the narrow Urakami Valley and hillsides.
US warned the civilians before bombing
Before destroying the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki with nuclear bombs U.S dropped fliers warning the civilians of a possible bombing at all the military centers of Japan so that the innocent civilians could evacuate and save their lives.
Nagasaki’s bomb was bigger than Hiroshima
The Bomb was a plutonium implosion-type atomic bomb. The ‘Fat Man’ was round and fat, and was named after Sydney Greenstreet’s ‘Kasper Gutman’ character in The Maltese Falcon. At least 35,000 people were immediately killed and 60,000 injured. 23% of Nagasaki’s buildings were consumed by flames and 70% of the city’s industrial zone destroyed. It killed less people as it was away from the city centre.